[Fakelinks 31.7.2019] Fake-Account manipuliert Frankfurt-Debatte; NYTimes arbeitet an Authentizitäts-Metadaten in einer Blockchain; die meisten Klimawandel-Video auf YT widersprechen wissenschaftlichem Konsens

Nach Attacke in Frankfurt – Fake-Account schürt gezielt Hass: Die tödliche Attacke im Frankfurter Hauptbahnhof hat für großes Entsetzen und heftige Debatten gesorgt. In sozialen Medien facht ein Fake-Account den Hass gezielt an.

A Tale of Fake News in Weimar Berlin: Käsebier Takes Berlin [dt. Käsebier erobert den Kurfürstendamm] is a book about the power of the press. Not journalists or reporters, but the medium itself. Today, we might call it a tale of a story gone viral. […] Though this novel is ostensibly about him, Käsebier is almost incidental to the story. The real protagonists of the book are the well-meaning journalists who unwittingly set off this fiasco.

Die NYTimes will in einem Projekt Meta-Daten zur Authentizität von Fotografien in einer Blockchain speichern, die dann von Fact-Checkern genutzt werden können. Eine der wenigen vernünftigen Anwendungen der Technologie. Blockchains sind nichts anderes als Datenbanken, die auf mehreren Rechnern verteilt gespeichert sind und sich so gegenseitig als „echt“ bestätigen können. Gibt es eine Änderung in einer der Datenbanken, fragen die anderen nach, ob diese Änderung valide ist. Stimmen mehr als die Häfte der Datenbank-Speicher zu, ist die Änderung Teil aller Datenbanken und das Spiel geht von vorne los. Damit ist gewährleistet, dass kein einzelner Bad Actor mit an ein paar losen Schrauben die Inhalte manipulieren kann.

Die Blockchain gewährt als digitale Vertrauens-Technologie erscheint mir prädesitiniert für die Absicherung der Authentizität von digitalen Items, wobei natürlich auch ein gut gemachter Fake die Zustimmung der Datenbank-Speicher erhalten kann. Wenn diese Datenbanken aber eben nicht bei „jedermann“ rumliegen (wie bei Bitcoin etwa), sondern bei einer kritischen Masse an Medienprofis (Fact-Checkern, Bildforensikern und ähnlichem), sorgt das meines Erachtens für ausreichende Sicherheit.

• Like, say: Gamers, who spread rightwing bullshit because ethics in games journalism in a rightwing-psyops by Bannon. Disinformation’s spread: bots, trolls and all of us: effective disinformation campaigns involve diverse participants; they might even include a majority of ‘unwitting agents’ who are unaware of their role, but who amplify and embellish messages that polarize communities and sow doubt about science, mainstream journalism and Western governments.

This strategy goes back decades. It was laid out most explicitly by Lawrence Martin-Bittman, who defected from Czechoslovakia to the West in 1968 and became a prominent academic (L. Bittman The KGB and Soviet Disinformation; 1985). Historically, manipulating journalists was a primary strategy. Now, social-media platforms have given voice to new influencers and expanded the range of targets. We see authentic members of online communities become active contributors in disinformation campaigns, co-creating frames and narratives. One-way messages from deliberate actors would be relatively easy to identify and defuse. Recognizing the role of unwitting crowds is a persistent challenge for researchers and platform designers. So is deciding how to respond.

Perhaps the most confusing misconception is that the message of a campaign is the same as its goals. On a tactical level, disinformation campaigns do have specific aims — spreading conspiracy theories claiming that the FBI staged a mass-shooting event, say, or discouraging African Americans from voting in 2016. Often, however, the specific message does not matter. I and others think that the pervasive use of disinformation is undermining democratic processes by fostering doubt and destabilizing the common ground that democratic societies require.

Perhaps the most dangerous misconception is that disinformation targets only the unsavvy or uneducated, that it works only on ‘others’. Disinformation often specifically uses the rhetoric and techniques of critical thinking to foster nihilistic scepticism.

Most YouTube climate change videos ‘oppose the consensus view’: Allgaier found that the message of 120 of the top 200 search results went against this view. To avoid personalised results, Allgaier used the anonymisation tool Tor, which hides a computer’s IP address and means YouTube treats each search as coming from a different user.
The results for the search terms climate, climate change, climate science and global warming mostly reflected the scientific consensus view. Allgaier said this was because many contained excerpts from TV news programmes or documentaries.

Our Vision for the Future of Synthetic Media: Our thesis is that over the next decade synthetic media will bring with it fundamental shifts in three areas: content creation, IP ownership and security & verification.

Informational Warfare is the new normal: Iran, others likely to accelerate disinformation efforts in US: Researchers told the Post that online influence operations from Saudi Arabia, Israel, China, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela have the ability and a possible motive to seek to disrupt the next U.S. elections.

• Ofcourse they did: Russia targeted elections systems in all 50 states, Senate report says.

Indian politician breaks down in tears during extraordinary parliament debate over ‘deepfake’ video appearing to show him having sex with a man

AI-generated fake porn featuring female celebrities is sold in China: Illegal peddlers are selling videos that use AI software to stitch faces of celebrities onto pornographic clips, according to The Beijing News and Global Times. These recent reports are highlighting the difficulties of combating the spread of fake videos online.

• Blackhat-SEOs kaufen die Domains alter Links auf Websites der NYTimes oder im Guardian: There’s An Underground Economy Selling Links From The New York Times, BBC, CNN, And Other Big News Sites.

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